The new energy vehicles requires good lithium iron phosphate battery , as it requires high energy density, high specific battery, quick charging and deep discharge performance, but also costs as low as possible, the use of life insurance as long as possible. More and more car manufacturers choose to use lithium iron phosphate battery of new energy vehicles.
1 domestic and foreign countries policy for lithium iron phosphate battery
1.1 United States
In September 2008, the United States established an “advanced automotive technology loan program“ to save the trapped in the financial crisis of the United States automobile industry, the project is in order to promote the car maker transform production lines, set up to produce advanced technology vehicles, designed to support hybrid, plug-in hybrid vehicles and diesel cars and improve fuel efficiency by 25%.
In March 2013, the United States Department of Energy Secretary Steven Chu announced the launch of “charging scheme in the workplace (Workplace Charging Challenge)“ to encourage enterprises in the construction of electric vehicle charging infrastructure in the workplace. Take this to promote the popularization of electric vehicles in the United States, and set model for the promotion of electric vehicle in the world.
At present, there are 13 large and 8 associations have joined the program, including General Motors, Ford, Nissan, Chrysler and other auto manufacturers, Siemens,General Electric, 3M, manufacturing and energy companies such as Duke Energy, as well as Google, Verizon and other high-tech enterprises. United States President Barack Obama on March 30, 2011, by 2015 United States Government purchasing only hybrid and electric cars and other new energy lithium iron phosphate battery cars.
Japan economy, trade and industry will expand launched in January 2010, “low–carbon job creation grant“ system, the second supplementary budget for 2009 total grants from the 30 billion yen a year, expanding to 100 billion yen per year. Economy, trade and industry have already launched the lithium iron phosphate battery plan, is designed toprevent Japan has the
advantage of low carbon industries out of Japan, to invest and build factories to other countries. It is understood that in the field of electric vehicles and the lithium battery before, Nissan and Toda industries have been the United States Government funding carries the core technology to the United States toinvest and build factories. “Low–carbon job creation industrial subsidy“ system implemented since Japan METI has
Subsidies to 42 companies of 29.7 billion yen, is now enjoying a subsidized electric car and battery company: Nissan, Toyota, Honda, Panasonic, Showa Denko, Toshiba, NEC, etc.
At present, the hybrid vehicle sales have reached new car except the light vehicle sales of one-third. Japan major automobile companies deemed environmentally friendly vehicles at the present stage the main hybrid cars models, have taken measures to strengthen research and development and sales efforts.
Among them, Honda and Mitsubishi Motors industrial company is prepared to launch for the first time can use household electrical outlet to recharge plug-in electric hybrid vehicles. In addition, Fuji heavy industries company and Mazda also plan to 2013 on the hybrid car market. Toyota to launch using the new engine hybrid vehicles, and plans to launch within the next 3 years at home and abroad a total 20 hybrid vehicles. Nissan plans to launch in the spring of 2017 before new clause 15 hybrid cars.
Japan Automobile Research Institute expects now hybrid penetration projections,by 2020, Japan domestic hybrids will reach approximately 3.6 million units. If Advanced lithium-ion batteries get more promotion, usage is likely to reach the level of7.2 million.
Japan focused on achieving breakthrough in lithium technology, hoping to in the field of large lithium-ion battery (hybrid and pure electric vehicles) take the lead; Korea more market–oriented occupation, in the field of consumer electronics over Japan after becoming the world‘s first large lithium-ion batteries also remained strong.
Samsung SDI, LG chemical, SK Energy, as the representatives of the enterprise, ledby Korea lithium-ion batteries followed in the field of consumer electronics to defeat Japan companies, in the field of car battery has great development potential will also lead Japan.
Korea battery maker actively attack-oriented hybrid cars and lithium-ion rechargeable batteries for electric vehicles such as electric cars market, Samsung SDI and LGchemical that by 2015 the market respectively on “ensuring 30% market share“ and“more than 20% shares“. LG chemical started to Korea Hyundai hybrid car supply lithium-ion rechargeable battery. In addition, LG chemical configuration with GM todevelop lithium-ion rechargeable batteries in plug-in hybrid electric vehicles “Volt“.Volt equipped with lithium-ion rechargeable battery capacity per car up to 16kWh.
Government has issued many supporting policy of new energy vehicles, lithium iron phosphate battery research and development project is the national “863“ projects, the Statehas invested a lot in research and development of financial and material resources. At present, the automotive lithium-ion battery industry in China has developed rapidly, production second only to Japan.
China‘s BYD, wanxiang group, Shenzhen bak battery, Tianjin Lishen battery and United States joint ventures such as Myers in the lithium iron phosphate battery research. China‘s BYDand Tianjin Lishen power battery production capacity promotion from 1 billion Wh.Recent national total investment in batteries for about $ 2.2 billion.
In 2012, the new energy vehicles in China not only crossed the million–unit mark, acomplete synchronization is also strengthened. 25 pilot cities, demonstration andpromotion of energy-saving 27400, public service of which 23,000 vehicles, 44 million private cars. Charging completed 8,107, for filling station 174. Financial subsidywhen liquidation is expected the size of the demonstration to 39,700 units the sizeof nearly 40,000.
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